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The Historic District at the South Rim began to take shape as stage coaches loaded with passengers began arriving to view the Grand Canyon. The arrival of the Grand Canyon Railway in 1901 provided a comfortable and affordable alternative to the stage coach, and quickly became the preferred mode of travel to the South Rim. The stagecoach companies were not happy with this development, but the guests arrived rested and ready to explore the newly famous gorge. The Historic District evolved and grew as tourism increased, and remains the center of activity at the South Rim today. There are many buildings of historical significance that visitors will find interesting during their visit to the South Rim. The canyon views from this area are stunning and offer a different perspective from those at Mather Point.

El Tovar Hotel
The historic El Tovar Hotel, the premier lodging facility at the Grand Canyon, first opened its doors in 1905 and was most recently renovated in 2005. In the past, the hotel has hosted such luminaries as Theodore Roosevelt, Albert Einstein, Western author Zane Grey, and many others. Today, El Tovar is a Registered National Historic Landmark, and retains its elegant charm. Located on the Canyon rim, it features a fine dining room (open for breakfast, lunch, and dinner), lounge, and curio shop with newsstand, and offers its guests Concierge, turn-down and room service.

Once described as “the most expensively constructed and appointed log house in America,” El Tovar Hotel was commissioned by the Santa Fe Railroad in 1902. It cost $250,000 to construct and was considered by many to be the most elegant hotel west of the Mississippi. Electric lights were powered by the hotel’s own coal-fired generator. It had its own greenhouse for fresh fruits and vegetables. A chicken house supplied fresh eggs for guests, and even fresh milk was supplied by the hotel’s own dairy herd. Inside El Tovar were a barbershop, amusement room, club room, solarium, art and music rooms, and a large dining room with large picture windows overlooking the canyon. The porch on the north side is thought to date back to the 1950s, when the dining room was enlarged and the cocktail lounge was added.

Hopi House
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Opened January 1, 1905, as the first curio shop at the Grand Canyon, Hopi House was designed by renowned architect Mary Elizabeth Jane Colter, one of the first American architects to appreciate the beauty and utility of Native American design. The design of the structure was meant to reflect that of a typical adobe pueblo used by the Hopi Indians of old Oraibi. (In fact, over the years there were Hopis who lived and worked there, and entertained guests with nightly dances on the dance platform to the north.)

Constructed mainly by Hopi Indians, Hopi House is a multi-story structure of stone and adobe masonry with ceilings on the inside thatched with successive layers of saplings and timbers. It also features wall niches, corner fireplaces, and adobe walls typical of Hopi pueblos. Now a National Historic Landmark, Hopi House has been recently renovated and offers authentic Native American arts and crafts to visitors for purchase.

Lookout Studio
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Lookout Studio was designed in 1914 by Mary E.J. Colter as a gift shop and lookout point for the Fred Harvey Company. Perched on the South Rim, it blends exceptionally well with its natural setting. The building was designed with native stone and an irregular roofline to blend into the rim of the Grand Canyon. Like Hopi House, it was designed to imitate the stone dwellings of the Pueblo Indians of the Southwest. The chimney was made of irregular stones, which allowed soil and debris to collect between the cracks. Plants found a niche for growing, which further blended the building into its surroundings. A lounge was inside the studio with a fireplace and an art room where postcards and artwork were for sale.

Nowadays, Lookout Studio still sells photography and books related to the Grand Canyon, rock and fossil specimens, traditional souvenirs, books and photographic prints. Two lookout points are open in good weather. It is located a short walk west of historic Bright Angel Lodge. Open year-round and hours vary seasonally.

Kolb Brothers Studio
Once the home of early Grand Canyon photographers the Kolb brothers, the Kolb Studio features changing art exhibits displayed in the auditorium throughout the year. It was built by brothers Ellsworth and Emery Kolb from 1904 to 1926, and is now included in the National Register of Historic Places and operated by Grand Canyon Association.

The Kolb brothers started a business photographing parties going down the Bright Angel Trail. Because water supplies were limited on the rim of the Canyon, they would photograph the mule passengers then run four-and-a-half miles to Indian Garden where they had set up a photographic lab. Water was available here for processing the film. They then returned to the rim of the Canyon with the processed pictures ready for the mule passengers on their return. The bookstore and auditorium are open to the public, and the studio is located in the Village Historic District, at the Bright Angel trailhead. Open year-round and hours vary seasonally.

Bright Angel Lodge
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Built in 1935, Bright Angel Lodge has a natural, rustic character, and has always been a popular place to stay and the center of South Rim activity. Designed by famed architect Mary E.J. Colter, the concept of Bright Angel Lodge was unique for park visitors throughout the west. Its mission was to provide moderately priced accommodations for tourists with moderate incomes. It followed the general theme of the El Tovar Hotel, boasting curio shops, a restaurant, and an open-framed lobby with peeled log supports. Colter also decorated the lobby with various styles of period hats including Pancho Villa’s sombrero.

Now a Registered National Historic Landmark, Bright Angel Lodge features a lounge with two large picture windows framing the canyon. Inside the lounge is the famous 10-foot-high geologic fireplace designed by Colter, and representing the rocks and order of strata inside the canyon. The top of the fireplace is constructed of Kaibab Limestone found on the rim of the canyon, with each stone carefully selected from the strata inside the canyon and packed out by mule. Located just a few feet from the canyon rim, Bright Angel Lodge is the check-in point for the world-famous Grand Canyon Mule Rides.

Buckey O’Neill Cabin
Next to Bright Angel Lodge is Buckey O’Neill Cabin, the oldest continuously standing structure on the rim. It was built in the 1890s by William Owen O’Neill, who was more well-known as “Buckey.” He acquired the name by “bucking the odds” in the card game faro.

Buckey O’Neill was born in Missouri and moved to Arizona in 1879. He became an author, journalist, miner, politician and judge. His prospecting ventures eventually led him to a copper deposit near Anita, about 14 miles south of what is now Grand Canyon Village. Like other prospectors who followed him at the Canyon, the cost of shipping the ore kept mining unprofitable. He eventually sold his land to the Santa Fe and Grand Canyon Railway Co., leading the way to train service to the South Rim. O’Neill became one of Teddy Roosevelt’s rough riders and lost his life in the Spanish American War before the rail line was ever completed in 1901.

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